The perfumes: named for the Greek goddesses Hera, Athena, Aphrodite and Artemis. Olive oil was used as a base for medicine, cosmetics and perfume, Alexander the Great brought perfume to Greece after invading Egypt, and the Romans took on the Greek's perfume culture when they invaded Greece. In the mean time, Islamic, Chinese and Indian cultures had been using perfume as part of their religious and social rituals as well. Perfumes and ointments have been found in tombs in Egypt and Mesopotamia, Egyptians employed fragrances as part of their religious ceremonials, believing that they could communicate with the gods by raising scented smoke; thus, the word perfume -per fumum, Latin for through smoke. It is believed that Egyptians invented glass and utilized glass perfume bottles to store their perfumes.