Nepali Buddha Statue, Mudra PoseTurning the Wheel of the Dharma -
Gautama Buddha was born in 563 B.C. in northeast India. The Buddha was the son of the King of the Sakyas. Suddhodana, who ruled at Kapilavastu, on the border of Nepal. His mother was Queen Maya. He was named Siddartha. He lived amidst the pleasures of palace life and at age 16 he was married to Princess Yasodhara. They had a son named Rahula. After seeing a decrepit old man, an invalid, and an ascetic beggar, he learned of suffering and decided to embrace asceticism. Soon after wards, at age 29, Siddhartha left the palace and his family and went to a hermitage where he became monk Guatama, or, as he is still called, Sakyamuni (The ascetic of the Sakyas). One day, meditating under a sacred fig tee, he attained perfect illumination (Bodhi). He had become a Buddha. From there on he traveled and preached for 44 years what was to become one of the main religions of the world. He died at Kusinagara at age 80. Here Buddha is represented in a teaching pose where the hands from the Dharmachakra mudra (tips of the thumbs and forefingers of each hand united) also known as the "turning of the wheel of Dharma" since that's the hand position that thus becoming the posture that initiated the Dharma or Buddhism. In this pose he is also known as Vairochana, one of the Celestial Buddhas.
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